On July 7, 1980, the Sioux Tribal Council unanimously refused to award them a $106 million award. The Tribal Council argued that “the Supreme Court`s decision should be set aside on the grounds that the tribe was not represented in this proceeding.”  Article 1 called for a cessation of hostilities and said, “Any war between the parties to this agreement will cease forever.” When crimes were committed by “bad men” among white settlers, the government agreed to arrest and punish the culprits and to reimburse all losses suffered by the victims. The tribes agreed to hand over the criminals, all the “bad men among the Indians,” to the government for trial and punishment, and to repay all losses suffered by the victims.  If a Sioux has committed “false or impure misconduct by the person or property of an Indian, a white, a black or an Indian,” the United States could pay damages against the tribes. :998 These terms effectively abandoned the authority of the tribes to punish crimes committed against them by white settlers. 37 The treaty as a whole and in relation to the 1851 agreement constituted an abandonment of earlier considerations of tribal customs, demonstrating instead “the more serious position of the government with regard to tribal nations and … the desire to equate the Sioux with ownership agreements and social customs.  In 2012, the UN Special Rapporteur, James Anaya, made a 12-day trip through Indian countries to see how the United States followed the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, approved in 2010 by the administration of President Barack Obama.  Anaya met with tribes in seven states on reserves and urban areas, as well as members of the Obama administration and the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.  Anaya has provisionally recommended the return of land to certain tribes, including the Black Mountains to the Sioux. Its full official report containing recommendations was published in mid-2012.  The process of abandoning the fortresses connected to the Bozeman Trail, under the agreed terms, proved to be a long process and was blocked by difficulties in arreasing the sale of the fortress`s goods to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Fort C.F.
Smith was not emptied until July 29. Fort Phil Kearny and Fort Reno were not emptied until August 1. After its abandonment, Red Cloud and its supporters, who had supervised the activities of the troops, went up to death and burned what was left. :45-6 For 192 days until November 6, the contract was signed by a total of 156 Sioux and 25 Arapaho, as well as the commissioners and 34 other signatories.  Although the commissioners signed the document on April 29 with the Brulé, the party dissolved in May, only two remained at Fort Laramie to complete the talks before going up the Missouri River to collect more signatures from tribes elsewhere. :44 No further changes were made to the conditions during this process. As one writer put it, “The commissioners basically cycled Sioux in and out of Fort Laramie… Seek only the formality of the leaders` distinctive signs and move towards a true concordance in the spirit that the Indians understood. :2537-8 The first Treaty of Fort Laramie, signed in 1851, attempted to resolve disputes between the tribes and the U.S. government, as well as between the tribes themselves in the modern areas of Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota.